| Lancaster Castle by srietzke on FlickrCreative Commons Licence. |
The prison where Margaret Taylor (nee Jones) and Ann Tierney are most likely to have been housed before their departure on The Sovereign.
"From April to November there is most to do in a dairy-farm; May and June the busiest time. As far as the woman superintending the diary is concerned, the first thing done in the morning is to skim the milk, empty the skimmed milk into the cheese-tub, and prepare the milk vessels for the new milk, which is brought into the dairy by five or six o'clock; after which, with the assistance of her servant, she prepares a portion of the skimmed milk for the calves, and makes the remainder into cheese. Two days a-week she has butter to make, two days she goes to market, and the other two she is occupied in the cheese-room. These different matters occupy the middle of the day. In the evening the milk is to be skimmed, and the new milk put into its proper vessels, and the calves to be again attended to.....The dairy-maid's age is from 20 to 30. She is employed from 12 to 14 hours a-day; her work is even more laborious than the superintendent's, but without any bad effect on the health. The wages of the dairy-maid is from 8l. to 10l. a year, with board and maintenance. "
"Those persons who have excelled in dairy work, have generally learnt their business when quite young, as a knowledge of it is not to be hastily acquired. Good dairy maids are always fond of their occupation, for it is not, except in large dairies, a very laborious one, and is not attended with the disagreeables and the vexations which so frequently occur in the occupation of a cook maid. The great art of butter and cheese making, consists in extreme care and scrupulous cleanliness...."
|Overgrown ruins of Clarendon House, a single storey timber and brick homestead, built by William Cox, c. 1804-1806. From negative in Mitchell Library Frank Walker Collection ON 150, Item 846. Copyright expired. Permission to reproduce image from RAHS.|
|Trove, Female penitentiary or factory, Parramata [i.e. Parramatta], N.S. Wales [picture] / [Augustus Earle], |
"For many dairywomen, cheesemaking frequently imposed conflict with family obligations. This is reflected in the recollections of someone who grew up in a Somerset cheesemaking household: When we were all young, Mother couldn' leave the cheese tubs tuh see us. When the cheese were fast she had tuh be there...We used tuh go in an' say, "Mam, We'm hungry. We Wan' summit tuh eat." An' if the curd was forward enough she'd hit a piece off an' say, "ere, push this in thee mouth and geedon out. I ab'n got time to play withee now." (quoted in Chris Howell, Memories of Cheddar (Chilcompton, Chris Howell, 1984). 89.
|Samuel and Margaret Taylor gravestone Yass Cemetery. Private collection.|