Monday, August 21, 2017

Week #4 #NFHM2017 Blogging Challenge - Power without Glory

Well here we are!  We've made it to the last week of the blogging challenge in National Family History Month.  

Have you learned some more about  your ancestors and their lives? Have you unearthed some new sources or facts that you didn't know before?  Have you made interesting connections or found new blogs in the process? I hope the experience has been rewarding for you.  Here's the last challenge...

Frank Hardy's novel Power without Glory covers a wide range of notorious characters from criminals to Archbishops and politicians, wrestlers to gamblers and everyone else in between.  

One of the themes is conscription during WW1 but you can interpret the title as broadly as you like.  

Were your ancestors powerful in some way? Legitimately or  not.  

Did they have a stoush with the authorities or strong political beliefs? Lets hear their story.

By the way, speaking of stories, have you seen the 31 Links in a chain page on QFHS website here? It's a collection of family history stories by members in honour of #NFHM2017.  What a great idea.

Last but not least, a big thank you to you for participating in this activity for National Family History Month. It's been great to hear your stories and I look forward to seeing more !

Don't forget to link your story below with the Mr Linky Widget will you?

Sunday, August 20, 2017

Week 3 #nfhm2017 Blogging Challenge - All the Rivers Run

Having possibly bored everybody (including myself) to death with the last post, you will be pleased to know I'm going to keep this one short and sweet.

I've decided to list all the rivers that might have a connection to my ancestors (oh and me too - why not?)

And here is a suitable literary quote...

“Believe me, my young friend, there is nothing - absolutely nothing - half so much worth doing as simply messing about in boats.” 
― Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows

Here they are in alphabetical order with pictures wherever possible and the surname/s of the family/ies I am researching afterwards:

Afon Seiont, North Caernarvon, Wales- JONES (Afon  means river in Welsh)

Welsh Countryside by Nelo Hotsuma from Flickr - some rights reserved

Aray River, Inverary, Scotland - SINCLAIR

Inverary Castle and River Aray by David Jones on Flickr - some rights reserved

Brisbane River, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia - DAW, CONNER

Grey Street Bridge and Mt Cooth-ha , Brisbane from pellethepoet on Flickr - some rights reserved

Carrick Roads, Falmouth, Cornwall, England - ADNAMS

Image from page 78 of "The rivers of Great Britain, descriptive, historical, pictorical; rivers of the south and west coasts" (1897) Falmouth Harbour into which the River Fal empties through Carrick Roads - no known copyright restrictions from Flickr

Cook's River, Sydney, Australia - CONNER, CARRETT, STORES, PARKES

My father's beloved older brother Ted with one of the boats he used to make on Cooks River.  The Conners lived at Riverview Road Undercliffe.

Ebble River, Bishopstone, Wiltshire - CASE, MUSSEL, PERCY

Clapper bridge, Bishopstone cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Maigheach-gheal -

Forth River, Stirling, Scotland - FORFAR

Image taken from page 45 of 'British Battles on Land and Sea' by James Grant of the 62nd Regiment 1873 - The British Library - no know copyright restrictions 

Halfway River, Hudson's Hope, British Columbia, Canada - FORFAR

From the Prince George Citizen 25 January 1940 about my great-great-uncle Ernest Albert Forfar: 

Forfar came to the Fort St James district from the Peace River Block where he was one of the first settlers to pre-empt land on Halfway River.  He later joined the B.C. police force and was stationed at Hudson's Hope for several years.  He was transferred to Fort Fraser and acted as policeman and game warden there previous to embarking in the hotel and big game guide business at Fort St James in 1927. 
Peace River Storm - This is at the mouth of the Halfway River as it runs into the Peace River halfway between Taylor and Hudson's Hope by Gerry on Flickr - Some Rights Reserved

Hawkesbury River, Windsor, NSW, Australia - HOBBS/NOBBS

Sunset over the Hawkesbury River near Windsor from Sacha Fernandez on Flickr - some rights reserved

Irwell River, Manchester, England - SOUTHERN

The river Irwell at the Adelphi, 1924 - Lowry  - some rights reserved

Liffey River, Dublin, Ireland - HESLIN

SS Adolphine - National Library of Ireland date c. 1880 - no known copyright restrictions

Murrumbidgee River, near Yass, NSW -  TAYLOR

Burrinjuck at the Taemas Bridge from Brian Yap on Flickr - some rights reserved

Thames River, London, England - CONNER, FOYNE

River Thames, London by Dimitri Anikin on Flickr - some rights reserved

Yass River, Gundaroo, NSW - CASE

On the Yass River, NSW c. 1880 - John Henry Harvey - out of copyright, courtesy of State Library Victoria
How are you going with your blogging?  I've learned so much doing this post.  Geography was never really my thing so I've learned about which ancestors lived near rivers and which didn't.  And now I know the names of lots more rivers than I did before.  How about you? Have you been to any of these rivers?  Do your ancestors share the same rivers as mine?

Saturday, August 19, 2017

Week 2 #NFHM2017 Blogging Challenge - Careful He Might Hear You

This is my contribution to Week 2 of the #NFHM2017 Blogging Challenge - Careful He Might Hear You.  I've been inspired by Pauleen Cass' post about the orphans in her family.

While technically not orphans, my maternal grandmother and her twin sister were placed in the Randwick Destitute Asylum at the age of 3.  Their mother - Kate Amelia Forfar (nee Ellis) died on 31st December 1905 at Denison Street Arncliffe. 

My maternal great-grandmother Kate Amelia Forfar (nee Ellis)
My maternal great-grandmother Kate (Kitty) Amelia Forfar (nee Ellis) 

Kate had four children at that time - the eldest was Ernest Henry aged 6,  then Dorothy Emily aged 4, then the twins aged 3 - Grace Isabella (Belle) and Helen Kate (Kit) - my grandmother. There was a younger child Walter William but he died earlier in the year from asphyxia.  

The four children were admitted to Randwick Asylum on Saturday 24 February 1906 by their father Walter William Forfar of Denison Street Arncliffe.  They were discharged seven years later back to his care on 20th December 1913 and taken to their new home in Beauman Street Petersham. Ernest was then 13, Dorothy 12 and the twins 11 years old.

What would their life have been like in those intervening seven, nearly eight years?  What are your earliest memories? Could the children remember family life before the Asylum? I suspect that Dorothy and Ernest could.  Would those memories have faded quickly?

There are many places I can look to find information - newspaper articles on Trove, journal articles, books and family memories.

Family Memories

I never knew my maternal grandmother Kit Forfar, the younger of the twins.  She died before I was born.  I only met her twin sister Belle a couple of times and when I was very young.  I rely on the memories my mother shared with me which are very few and she too is dead now so these memories are over 20 years old.  She told me that the twins were very grateful to their step-mother, Alice Bourke, who upon hearing that Walter had placed the children in the Asylum, insisted that he bring them home.  Alice and Walter only married on 15 November 1913 and the children came home on 20 December.  That's a quick increase in the size of a family for a newly-wed! My mother also told me that the twins were glad never to smell carbolic soap again.

The twins' older brother Ernest also died before I was born and our family seemed to have lost contact with their old sister Dorothy's family over the years.  This photo shows most of the siblings together in about 1953 or 1954 we think.  We're not sure what the occasion was. The twins would have turned 50 at the end of 1952. My mother would have been 17 or 18 years old. Tom and Kit would have celebrated their 20th wedding anniversary in August 1954.  Who knows?

L to R Tom McLoughlin, Barbara McLoughlin, Kit McLoughlin (nee Forfar), Belle Wingfield (nee Forfar)  Joyce Jeffrey (nee Wingfield) , Dorothy  Peterson (nee Forfar) and Reg Peterson.

The back of the photo says in Belle's handwriting "Reg was feeling happy here doesn't he look a bird.  Tom looks like a retired publican"

After my mother died, Dorothy's grand-daughter Kath made contact with me but her grandmother had not talked about the Asylum days with her family. They were unaware of that part of her life.  


My mother purchased a copy of Frank Doyle and Joy Storey's publication from the Randwick & District Historical Society Inc. Destitute Children's Asylum Randwick 1852-1916. It was published in 1991 and is a slim volume of 36 pages. It has a Table of Contents (weirdly called an Index) and about 14 illustrations and a map of what is now the Prince of Wales Hospital showing the location of the Asylum which was in Avoca Street Randwick.

Much of the booklet deals with the earlier days of the asylum and you have probably figured out by now that my grandmother and her siblings lived there towards the end of its days i.e. from 1906-1913.  But the last paragraph of the book struck a chord with me.  It is a quote from "an elderly man who had lived there as a boy - told to Mrs Nell Pillars, Founder of the Randwick Historical Society."  (The Society was founded in 1957)

"It was always tough for the kids, and we were always hungry. Bathtime was no fun. The boys were put in a long trough (made from lead) many at a time, and always with 'Lysol' (a strong disinfectant) which stung like hell! At 14 years of age I started my first job."

Asylum for Destitute Children Randwick by Samuel Thomas Gill

Journal articles

Several articles have helped me put the Asylum in context of care available at the time for children in a similar situation. 

Rod Blackmore reminds us in his article "State Intervention with Children- Two Centuries of History" that:

"Fathers...had no recourse to support if they were left alone to care for a young child" 
It is often said that men of that generation did not know how to boil an egg.  This could not be said of Walter William Forfar as he was a pastry cook by trade but the sheer logistics of working whilst caring for four young children would have been very challenging.  

Blackmore also reminds us that "there were fewer families with close relatives".  Walter Forfar certainly had no siblings in the country. His older brother George was living in England and his other brother Ernest was living in Canada.  

I suspect that they were estranged from his wife Kate's family at the time.  They did place a heartfelt death notice in the paper but four children would have been a big ask for anyone to take on.

Death Notice Kate Amelia Forfar SMH 4 January 1906
Death notice for Kate Amelia Forfar courtesy of National Library of Australia, Family Notices (1906, January 4). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Legislation at the time favoured boarding out or fostering neglected children to families rather than housing them in barrack-style accommodation.  The Asylum and similar institutions came in for much criticism in the 1870s after an outbreak of whooping cough killed 77 children in 1867.  

The Find and Connect website gives valuable insight into why Walter Forfar may have chosen the Asylum for his children.  

The difference between the Asylum and the boarding out system was that families could use the Asylum for temporary care, and, so long as they paid maintenance, retain influence over their children and keep their visiting rights. The State Children's Relief Board made children wards of the state and considered boarding out to be a permanent arrangement. It generally prevented boarded out children from seeing their families.

Newspaper Articles 

Searching Trove for newspaper articles has proved very fruitful.  Using the search term "Randwick Asylum" produces a good deal of results rather than the full term "Destitute Childrens Asylum Randwick".  There are 718 articles for the period 1910-1919 and 633 articles for the period 1900-1909.  Of course it is worthwhile looking at advertisements as well. 

Most of the articles describe the annual picnic excursion, Christmas festivities and annual reports of the Society.

Joseph Coulter was the Superintendent of the Asylum from 1886 - 1916 - a total of 30 years. There was a school on site established in 1877 and staffed by government teachers. Parents could visit the children once a month. 

Three days after the children were admitted to the Asylum it is imagined that they joined the other children at the annual picnic described in the article below.

DESTITUTE CHILDREN. (1906, March 1). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 8. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Does anyone have any idea what the special electric cars might have been?  Are we talking trams do you think? Or perhaps buses?

Empire Day was celebrated at the local school in May and who knew we used to celebrate Trafalgar Day for goodness sake??

THE BRITISH ENSIGN (1906, October 21). The Sunday Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1903 - 1910), p. 5. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

All stops were out for Christmas Day at the Asylum.

RANDWICK ASYLUM (1906, December 26). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 6 (LATE SPORTS). Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

There is not much discernable difference in the accounts of these occasions over the seven years that the children lived there.  

My mother often looked at this photo which Randwick Library has kindly given me permission to use (for a fee) and wonder if the twins and or their siblings were featured in it.

Children in the quadrangle of the main building [n.d. but probably 1909]

The quality of the photos from The Star in an article in 1908 leaves a lot to be desired but my wishful thinking wonders if this is the twins being taught to peel potatoes.  They would have been aged five years old at the time.

The caption reads "Meals are a big feature here in such an institution.  We see here an elder girl teaching younger ones how to prepare vegetables for dinner"

Dorothy would have been just seven at this time, perhaps that is her standing to the right. We'll never know.

However I did find mention in this article of twin sisters as follows:

"Two great pets, small twin sisters, were then brought out to sing for us, for, as explained before, as well as being the hospital quarters, this is the nursery for the very wee mites." (this would have been the Catherine Hayes Hospital building)

The article mentions that there were 165 children resident at the time - 111 boys and 54 girls.  The matron was Mrs Jennings. The article describes garden beds and the boys being responsible for growing vegetables.  They are pictured at the wood heap where they no doubt learned to chop wood.  The girls did the laundry and made clothes.  At the age of 14 children were apprenticed out to agricultural or domestic work.

There are some rather engaging images of the children going on a motoring excursion in 1907.

and the boys having a snack before they get in the cars...

RANDWICK ASYLUM, SYDNEY. (1907, December 21). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), p. 29. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Of course newspaper articles would have been putting the Asylum's best face forward but they have given me an insight into my ancestor's lives for which I am very grateful.

Subscription Websites

Although we originally obtained the Admission and Discharge records for the Randwick Asylum from the State Archives of NSW, those records are now available through Ancestry. 

Also available through Ancestry are Police Gazette Records and it was through these that I discovered that poor Ernest (recorded as Henry Forfar) seems to have made his way back into state care shortly after being discharged from the Randwick Asylum.  In 1915 he is recorded as having escaped the Gosford Farm Home for Boys on 27th November.  He was described as 15 years of age, 5 foot high, slight build, sallow complexion, dark hair and grey eyes.  He was dressed in blue dungaree suit with a black cap.

Questions for me to follow up

The twins were just eleven years old when they were discharged from the Asylum in December 1913.  Would they have gone to school the following year? According to Carole Riley's blog post here  the Public Instruction Act of 1880 required them to be at school until the age of 15.  Would they have gone to Petersham School as my mother did?  Would they have gone to a local Catholic school given that Alice their step-mother was a Catholic?

References (2010) NSW Australia Police Gazettes 1854, Operations Incl, Provo UT, USA

RANDWICK ASYLUM, SYDNEY. (1907, December 21). The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946), p. 29. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from 

DESTITUTE CHILDREN. (1906, March 1). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 8. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

RANDWICK ASYLUM (1906, December 26). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 6 (LATE SPORTS). Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

RANDWICK ASYLUM (1908, June 19). The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), p. 1 (FIRST EDITION). Retrieved August 22, 2017, from

Blackmore, Rod (1998) State Intervention with Children - Two Centuries of History, Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences 30:1, 5-17

Doyle, Frank and Storey, Joy, (1991), Destitute Children's Asylum Randwick 1852-1916Historical Monograph No. 5, Randwick & District Historical Society Inc.

THE CITY WAIF. (1904, September 2). Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), p. 7. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Gill, Samuel Thomas & Gill, Samuel Thomas & Allan & Wigley. (1856). Asylum for Destitute Children, Randwick Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Hughes, Lesley (1998) Catholics and the care of destitute children in late Nineteenth Century New South Wales, Australian Social Work, 51:1, 17-25 

Quinn, Peter (2005) That Other State Aid Question: Assistance to Charitable Homes for Children, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society, v.26, 2005 Annual, p.29(14)

State Archives NSW; Registers for the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children, 1852 - 1915, Series: NRS 13362; Item: 7/3799; Roll: 1868

THE BRITISH ENSIGN (1906, October 21). The Sunday Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1903 - 1910), p. 5. Retrieved August 19, 2017, from

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

#NFHM2017 Blogging Challenge - Week 3 - All the Rivers Run

It's Week 3 of the #NFHM2017 Blogging Challenge. How are we all going?  I suspect we are all very busy because there is so much on at the moment.  I know I am finding it difficult to find the time to write on my blog.  Working full time, participating in my local family history society events, studying another unit in the great UTAS Family History course, organizing a 40th school reunion for next year, celebrating birthdays for various family members...there's always so much to do.  And yet, every blog post I write, I learn something new or add a bit more to the family tree.

This week our meme comes from Nancy Cato's saga All the Rivers Run.  It spanned eight decades and four generations.  Your blog post doesn't have to do that but was there a matriarch in your family that inspires you?  Or maybe you want to focus on a particular river that played a part in your ancestors' lives.  Where will your imagination run to?

We can't wait to find out.  Remember - you don't have to be an Aussie to participate.  We welcome all nationalities/citizens of the world - even Aussie politicians....that's an insider joke if you haven't been following Australian politics lately.  

Don't forget to link your particular post using the Mr Linky widget below so we can find all the stories in one place.

Sunday, August 13, 2017

French Letters #NFHM2017

There that title got your attention didn't it?  Really I will stop at nothing to get hits on this blog. ;) Just joking...

Queensland Family History Society had an Open Day yesterday as part of National Family History Month.  It was a beautiful day and despite competing with the ever popular Ekka we had plenty of visitors and lots of people signing up.  Hoorah!

I was delighted to see some of my friends from other parts of my life come and have look around and sign up - thank you Majella and Jeanette!

There were prizes and booksales and discounts...what more could you ask for?

My job was to show newbies around the facilities and perhaps help them with their research a little bit.  It's always a bit scary when you ask someone about their research...will you be able to help them?  Will you be stumped?  Luckily there are so many knowledgeable folk at QFHS that I have learned to relax a bit and, if I am stumped, I just turn around and ask the person next to me for their advice.  Societies are good like that.

I was interested that two groups of people were researching ancestry in France which I don't come across very often.  It's not an area that I'm familiar with but I always tend to recommend Family Search's Wiki when I am stumped.  I do hope you know all about it.  

And then my wise friend Sue also recommended Cyndi's List which I frequently forget - even though I have a hot link to it on my blog for goodness sake.  

The first gentleman with French ancestry wanted to research his grandfather's death in France (near Lille).  He was concerned about being able to get any information due to his lack of French language skills. I was trying to find letter templates for him on the Family Search Wiki but was having difficulty.  

I found a couple of books in our print library. You can search the QFHS catalogue online here.  Margaret Audin's Barking up that French Tree and French and French Canadian Research by J Konrad looked useful.  These books are a bit old I confess.  Audin's was published in 1980 and Konrad's in 1993.  There's Claire Bettag's French Genealogy Research which might be a bit more up to date; it was published in 2012.  It's available at Strathpine Library and Brisbane Square Library but is not for loan.

Today when I looked at Cyndi's List, it was much easier to find and this particular link took me back to Family Search (of course) so...if you're interested in writing some letters to French archives or record offices - here is all the information I think you'll need.

How's your Sunday going?  What are you doing to celebrate #NFHM2017? Do you have French ancestry?  What resources have you found helpful in your research? Have you entered the prize draw for NFHM?  Point 5 in the Terms and Conditions on this page has the critical information.

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Ancestral Places Geneameme #NFHM

The lovely Alona Tester from Lonetester HQ has thrown out the challenge to see how many letters of the alphabet you can assign to an ancestor's place of work or home; not necessarily where they work born but where they lived or worked.


Arncliffe, Sydney - where Kate Amelia Ellis died.
Arana Hills - where I work
Aranda - the suburb I grew up in Canberra or 
Avondale - the name of our house in Glebe, Sydney where I finished school and went to Uni.


Bannockburn, Scotland for the Forfars who cause me no end of trubble. 
Bathurst, NSW  - the birthplace of my maternal grandfather (McLoughlin). 
Barbados for my husband's family (Donovan/Proverbs). 
Bishopsgate, London, England where the Cooks lived in the 1860s. 
Bondi, Sydney for my grandmother in her later years and where both sets of my grandparents were married.(McLoughlin) and Conner 
Bourke, NSW - where John McLoughlin and Margaret Taylor were married.
Bowenfells, NSW - where John McLoughlin was born.
Bradninch, Devon, England where the Daws come from. 
Brixton (Carretts) and 
Bustard Head, Queensland where Harriet Conner worked as a teacher. 


Camperdown where the Stores lived in the 1860s.
Canada where one of the Forfar brothers lived. 
Campbell - the first suburb we lived in when we moved to Canberra
Canberra (did I mention I grew up there?)
Carnarvonshire. Wales - where my ancestor Margaret Jones the convict came from.
Chapel Hill - where we live now.
Cork, Ireland where my Flannagans are from


Deptford, England - where Edward Connor and Rebecca Foyne married.
Dubbo, NSW - where many of the Carretts lived. 
Dulwich Hill - where Daisy Carrett (nee Taylor) died.


Earlwood, Sydney - where the Parkes and Nobbs settled and eventually the Conners. Eastbourne, Sussex, England - where the Hollingham and Forfar families lived.
Enmore - where Daisy Taylor and George Henry Carrett III were married.


Five Dock, Sydney - where the McLoughlins lived after Orange.


Garden Island, Sydney - where my paternal great-grandfather worked - Edwin Conner. Gilston - where my husband's ancestors lived - Hinde and Duncan. Gundaroo - the Case family in the 1860s.
Gundaroo, NSW  - where Margaret Taylor was born.


Halesowen, Worcester - where my ancestor John Parkes came from.
Hobart, Tasmania - where the Forfars lived for a while. 
Hong Kong - where my great-grandfather Edwin Conner was stationed for the 1911 census in the Navy on board the Waterwitch.
Hurstville, Sydney - where I was christened and where the Ellises lived.


Inverary, Argyllshire - where the Sinclairs and Birrells come from.


Jamaica - where my ancestor James Cook was stationed on the Magicienne in 1894


Katoomba, NSW - where we spent many happy family holidays in my childhood and where my mother was evacuated during WWII. My 2nd great-grandmother Isabella Ellis also had a property there as per her probate.


Lidcombe in Sydney - where my grandfather Tom McLoughlin worked during WWII at the De Havilland factory testing engines.


Malta - where my 2nd great-grandfather served in the Navy and where my great-uncle was born - Edward G Conner.
Manchester, England - where my ancestor Margaret Southern came from.


Newtown, Sydney - where Sarah Stores was born and lived and where my maternal grandmother was born, Helen Kate (Kit) Forfar.


Olney, Buckinghamshire - where my husband's ancestors the Lords and the Hindes come from.
Orange, NSW - where my grandfather went to school and where some of his siblings were born (McLoughlin)


Parsley Bay in Sydney - where my grandmother grew up (Carrett). 
Portsea and Portsmouth, Hampshire, England  - where my Conner ancestors lived for many years.


Queensland, Australia.  My home and those of my great-aunts - Harriet and Clara Conner.


Randwick Destitute Asylum - where the Forfar children lived after their mother died.
Readville, Queensland - where Harriet Conner taught.  


Southport, Queensland - where the Daws lived.  
Surry Hills - where Sarah Stores and George Henry Carrett II were married.  
Swineshead, Lincolnshire - where my ancestor George Ellis was born.


Taemas, NSW - the property on which Samuel and Margaret Taylor lived
Taringa - where we bought our first home.
Tingalpa in Brisbane - where Thomas and Mary Bray Daw are buried with their children and where Edward Daw had his dairy farm.
Toowong - where I used to work at the ABC

Flinders Road Undercliffe where Ethel Conner nee Carrett was born 1904
"The house where I was born 1904 Flinders Rd Undercliffe" Ethel Conner (nee Carrett)


Undercliffe in Sydney - where the Carretts and Conners lived.


Vaucluse in Sydney - where my great-aunt and uncle the Morrisons lived and where I went to school when I was 4 years old.


Walloon, Queensland - where my husband's ancestors the Grieves lived.
Williamstown - where the Conners first lived in Melbourne when they came to Australia. 


Xiānggǎng - see H for Hong Kong.  


Yass, NSW - the closest town to where Margaret and Samuel Taylor lived.
Yorkshire - where Harriet and Clara Conner taught and where Clara was married to William Smith.


barp - fail.