Monday, October 31, 2016

Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie 6th March 1921

12 Marchmont Rd

6th March 1921

My Dear Colin

I was pleased to get your letter during the week and to see you had a good holiday at Redcliffe. Thank Mr Gibbs for the photos. We are not doing any photography just now as it is useless during the winter time here. We are now getting into Spring although we had snow yesterday morning but it soon melted away. The days are also getting much longer, the sun rising at 6.58am and setting at 5.52pm.

In my last letters I told you what I thought of the country and I am still of the same opinion and I am not sorry to be here as we are now getting into summer.

We are going to start a poultry farm sometime but as houses are so scarce and everything at it's (sic) worst we are waiting until things right themselves a bit and mainly because we want the "dough". I wish they would deal with houses a& land as they do in Qld instead of the old fashioned idea of feu-duty & ground annuals & c.

The cost of living is coming down now so we will be getting into better times soon I hope.

I told you I had an abscess in my cheek well I am still attending the Infirmary but hope to be discharged this week. This is all my news at present.

Your loving brother 


Note from Alex: Colin has marked top left hand corner of letter with Ansd 21/4/21

Sunday, October 30, 2016

Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie 20th February 1921

12 Marchmont Road
20th February 1921

My Dear Colin,

It is now some weeks since I wrote you but as I have been troubled lately with an abscess I left it to Mamma, A & J.

You know I suffered a good deal in Queensland with toothache well on my way home my left jaw was swollen a good bit so a few weeks after my arrival here I got my tooth taken out and the swelling went down a good deal but 5 weeks ago I must have got cold in it as it swelled up again so I went to a dentist to see if he could do any thing for me but he said it was beyond him and advised me to go to the Infirmary.  So I went and they put a needle or some such instrument into the swelling from the inside after having given me gas. A few days after that it certainly went down a bit but as the wound had head up it simply began to swell up again. So in I went again and this time they cut it from the outside; that is a fortnight ago yesterday and it is still not healed up. Of course they keep it open until it is quite clean. So if you are troubled with a rotten tooth get it out as it does not pay to have as much trouble with it as I have had.

We have had a very mild winter with only one fall of snow which only lasted 2 days but plenty of rain. The days are much longer already and spring is already showing signs of coming.

Things are not looking too well here at present as we have over 1 million unemployed in the country partly owing to trade unions and high wages and trade is very much depressed all over the world. However things are coming down in price which is a good sign.

Alex is at present taking lessons on the Violin and is making good progress. He also goes to an Orchestra on Sunday afternoons.

John is still doing well in Glasgow.

We had a letter from Mrs Hall of Northgate and a card from Mrs Smith of Sandgate and the seem to be feeling the rise of prices in Queensland.

Are you still staying with Mrs Reeve?

I suppose you are still keeping on your business quarters at 8 London Bank Chambers.  It is now over a year since you started.

I hope the people who bought my Banyo Land are still paying it up and if there is any chance of them paying cash for it.

This is all my news at present.

Your loving brother


Note from Alex: These photos are from one of the albums that were in the box dated 1921. I don't know who took the photos.  Alex and Walter both talk about taking photos in their letters.  I don't know who the lady is in the second photo.  Best guess is the boy's mother.  If you've just tuned in to the McKenzie story, you may want to read the introductory post here.

Saturday, October 29, 2016

Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie 26th December 1920

12 Marchmont Road
26th Dec. 1920

My Dear Colin, 

We were glad to receive three letters from you last night also 2 Daily Mails on Thursday last. You seem to have been having exceptionally severe weather with hailstones as large as eggs; I was wondering how the glass in the back verandah in our old Northgate House stood the storm.

I see the Labour Party have still a strong hold in Queensland. You would perhaps see from the papers how the Liquor referendum went in Scotland. One or two district in Edinburgh voted against Prohibition which we were surprised at as we thought a few of the better class districts would have gone "dry", not even one voting for reduction of licenses.

"Three Liquor Referendums." The Armidale Chronicle (NSW : 1894 - 1929) 1 December 1920: 2. Web. 29 Oct 2016 <>.

You mentioned in your letter to John that Cameron Bros did not receive a single bid at their sale of House properties. Business seems to be pretty bad in Australia just now from what I hear in fact I notice the prices are rising very high.

The firm I am with send carpets & co out to nearly all the big firms in Brisbane in fact we do a large Australian Trade.

We seem to have reached the high price limit here and a number of things are already dropping in price.  Since I arrived home sugar was 1/2 per lb and only 6 ozs were rationed to each person per week. If you required more than that we could get free sugar at 1/7 per lb but now it is all free which means that we can buy as much as we like and the price has fallen to 10ˀ per lb. Bread is going down also being ¼ˀ cheaper for the 2lb loaf this week.

The Edinburgh trams are now in the hands of the Corporation who are converting them slowly into sometime (sic) more mordern (sic).  Some routes they will electrify and others are already running with Motor buses. The Mound to Toll X was the first to be done and now the Comely Bank route is also a bus route. The buses are only one storey so do not hold as many passengers as the trams did but they go much quicker and look much nicer.

As for the Climate here when I arrived it was just before harvest time and a sight worth seeing after the dried up land of Queensland. The trees were lovely and green far beyond any you could ever see in Australia and then the fields with their rich crops of golden grain and deep green vegetation far exceed anything you see in Queensland. The weather too is not all wet and dark; summer time with its long glorious summer evenings is just perfect and even winter although the days are very short the sun rising at 8.46 am and setting at 3.37pm on 22nd Dec. has some fine days epecially in the country, the town however is rather foggy. We certainly get a lot of rain but I have never seen it so far come down as heavy as the average shower of rain in Queensland. In fact the winter time in Queensland with its Westerly winds (although it is much shorter than our winter here) is under the condition of living in Queensland just about as disagreeable as our winter here. Then the summer time here has no scorching heat and no vicious mosquitoes to spoil a decent country walk in the heart of a wood.

Conditions too have changed a lot, the workers now getting far better conditions shorter hours and no early start in the morning as they used to. Some of the routes in the Edinburgh Trams do not start until after seven. 

At the present moment however there is a terrible lot of unemployment mostly unskilled labour but on the other hand there is also a shortage of high efficient skilled men. There are thousands of unemployed in nearly every large town in the country in fact I think it is pretty general all over the world. If I wanted to get on I would need to study but as I intend to go in for Poultry it would be useless.

I have no intention of returning to Australia as I am satisfied that this is a more agreeable country to live in.

This is all my news at present

Hope you are well

Your loving brother Walter

Note by Alex: In pencil in the top left hand corner of this letter "Recd 19/2/21 Answered 20/2/21" in presumably Colin's hand.  Finding Creative Commons photos of Edinburgh in the 1920s was a bit of a challenge for me this morning so if anyone wants to offer advice in this regard, please do so.  I found two great sites for research - Canmore and Capital Collections but if you know of any others please share.

Friday, October 28, 2016

Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie 15th August 1920

If you've just tuned in to the McKenzie story, you may want to read the introductory post here.

Worker's dwelling at Banyo, Brisbane. Banyo is the name of an eastern suburb of Brisbane and a railway station on the Sandgate line. The name is an aboriginal word meaning 'a small hill' and was probably so called from the hill on which now stands Pope Pius XII Seminary. The railway station was originally called Clapton Junction, however the name was changed to Banyo in 1897 when it was intended to make it the junction for the North Coast line - this junction was subsequently made at Northgate. Image from John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland Negative number: 147209  Out of copyright

28 Comely Bank Place, 

15th August 1920

My Dear Colin,

We received a letter from you written on 27th June and addressed to Alex on Wednesday last and see that you are getting on all right. I have now got a job as a clerk at £2-10-0 per week at Bonnyrigg in Henry Widnell & Co wholesale carpet manufacturing firm.  So it is a start made and I will try and get a rise as soon as I can,. I see from the papers in London that there are more jobs in England and better paid ones. I could easily have got £3 or over in London or Manchester but as I wanted to be a at home I decided to take this one in Bonnyrigg. I have to start on Monday which is the same time as John starts in Glasgow.

Up to now we have not got fixed in a house yet. John & I have been round looking at ever so many different ones and also enquiring of an architect to see if we could build one but as things are so bad just now in the building line no one can give us an exact estimate as to the cost. At the present moment it would cost well over £1000 then there would be a fence to put round it and drain pipes to be connected up and in the event of a strike we would need to pay, above the estimated price the increase in wages or the increase in material if it should go up. So at present we have given up the idea of building one. We also enquired into the price of an army hut but that is even worse. The hut would cost about £150 and then £300 to erect it which would be value for £450 when it was up. 

I am enclosing two photos of Mr Gibbs which you might give him. I would have sent them out with my last letter but I must have forgotten. 

Next time you see Miss J Campbell tell her mamma wrote to her when on her voyage home and that she will be writing again soon. So will I.

Hoping you keep well

Your loving brother


P.S. How are the people paying up my land at Banyo also you can let us know how Haynes pays up the Petrie land and anything else you think I will be interested in. WMcK

Note from Alex: This blog also provides some great background reading on Henry Widnell & Co and carpet manufacturing in West Scotland.  Do watch the video - it gladdens a librarian's heart - a design library - who knew?  Also the photo chosen to go with this blog post was chosen as a point of comparison between Edinburgh and Brisbane and what it cost to build houses in each place at the time.  To my knowledge there is no connection between the dwelling at Banyo in the picture and the McKenzie family.

Thursday, October 27, 2016

Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie 1st August 1920

The boy in this photograph has been identified as Edgar Tainton. (Description supplied with photograph.)This is an image of a horse drawn cart delivering bakery goods to suburban homes in Nundah district. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland Negative number: 53417 
c/- Gillies
28 Comely Bank Place

1st August '20

My Dear Colin

I am now three weeks at home and have seen round Edinburgh a bit as I have got an idea of how things stand.  First of all prices of food are just we thought; not very bad except sugar which is 1/2 per lb. Rationed to ½ each person per week although there is also what they call free sugar at 1/7 ½ lb and can be bought in any quantity. Butter is 3/6 per lb. but we use margarine at 1/- per lb which works out at half the price we paid for butter in Northgate. Bread 6 ½ for 2lb loaf (same as in Qld) milk 8d per quart (1d cheaper than in Northgate. Meat is about 2/4 to 2/6 lb about double in  price of Qld meat. Then clothing is from 50% to 100% cheaper than Brisbane.  A good Blue serge suit to measure I could get at £6-2-6 and grey suit from £4-10-0 and looks perfect.  Shirts are about the same from 7/6 upwards boots the same as Brisbane.

Roughly things work out as follows.  Food each person per week 16/-. Clothing 5/- per week - £13 per year I think would keep you fairly decent.  

John wrote to you 3 weeks ago giving an account of himself so you will know he has got a job in Glasgow at £4-10-0 per week. He has to start on the 15th August so he left his work in time to meet me in London and come up to Edinburgh with me. Since then John and I have been hunting high and low for a house. It is absolutely impossible to rent one and so we have been trying to buy one.  John is going to buy one and the house will rent it from him.  Of course Alex is lending John some money to do so.  However we have been chasing round after different ones and find them absolute "take ins" not fit for pigs to live in or if they are respectable they go at a terrific price, beyond our means.  So the next thing we are trying is John will build one which will cost about £1050 for a brick building containing 3 bedrooms kitchen and scullery.  At present we are looking for a large piece of ground so as we can have poultry and market garden.  However until we can have something definite fixed we can't give you many particulars.  

The government is giving £260 towards the building of houses at present which is to encourage building so this would bring the price down to £800 for a house which is what we would need to pay for one if we were buying one that was built in pre-war times.  This £260 is entirely a gift and does not tie you to any rules as regards selling.  Builders can take advantage of it too but until the rents of house are put up to bring a decent return on their money they won't build.

So far I have been applying to a good many jobs in the papers but have not been successful yet.  

I hope you get the signed transfer which I posted to you from Adelaide.  You redirected a letter addressed to me which was from the Kedron Shire Council and containing the receipt of rates paid to end of 1920 which I am sending on to you in case you require it and as you have all the other papers in connection with my land.

How are you getting on with your business?  

I hope you are well

I am

Your loving brother

Walter McKenzie

Note from Alex, Colin wrote in top left hand corner of letter 11/9/20 Answered 12/9/20

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie 10 June 1920

  If you've just tuned in to the McKenzie story, you may want to read the introductory post here.

Postcard with four views of Adelaide, including: Jubilee Exhibition ; Cathedral ; Botanical Gardens. Gift; Mrs E. M. Derrick; 1984.

RMS "Ormonde"
2 days from Colombo
10 June 1920

My Dear Colin

We are now into hot weather.  I wrote to you last from Adelaide enclosing the transfer which I hope you got safely.  We were not supposed to call there at all but as we had engine trouble we put in there for two days and left at 7am in the morning.  We were making good pace until 11:30 the same morning when something went wrong with the other engine this time so we had to turn round and make our way back to Adelaide which we reached about 4pm the same day.  There was another large boat at Adelaide at the same time & the crew of it gave us a great welcome back.  Asked us if we wanted a pull & c.  However after staying there for 2 days more we sailed again at 4pm arrived safely at Fremantle on Thursday morning about 2am and started taking cargo & mails at once.  We had a walk through Fremantle & bought some fruit & sailed again at 12 noon same day.  It was quick work so we could not get into Perth.  I think Brisbane is as good as any of the Australian towns I have seen.  There is more method & brians about Brisbane than any of the other towns except Adelaide.  Adelaide is a well planned town although it has not many decent buildings except the Govt Bldgs which are all in one street.  Then the Botanical Gardens exceed any I have seen.  They are a long way before Sydney or Brisbane.  We have a large crowd on board in fact.  I believe we have more than what is allowed.  I have not heard the exact figure but there are cabins numbered up to 1122 in the 3rd class alone & I hear that there are up to 12 in an 8 berth cabin.  Children having to go 2 in one bunk which is a disgrace in this hot weather.  We had a death on board the night before last.  It was a french lady died of pneumonia so the boat was stopped & it was buried at sea.  The food is very midling (sic) although not bad.  It is a case of eat what you want & leave the rest.  

I am in a six berth cabin & am on the bottom bunk under the porthole.  If I had picked any cabin out of all the 3rd class I don't think I could have done better.  I think this is all my news at present.


PS Remember me to the lot at "Strathfield" especially Mrs Reeve. W

Four people on steps of Palm House, [Adelaide Botanic and Zoological gardens, South Australia, 1920]Copyright expired 
Note from Alex: supporting pictures have been found through searching Trove, courtesy of the National Library of Australia.

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie - 23rd May 1920 "SS Ormonde"

Continuing the correspondence between Walter and Colin McKenzie.  If you've just tuned in you may want to read the introductory post here.

Colin has written in pencil on the top of the letter "Recd. Monday 31st May" and next to Walter's date on the letter "Sunday"

My Dear Colin

I have just received your letter tonight and am so glad you have done so well in selling my land.  You have got a deposit that will save any trouble about the purchaser giving it up.  You say you sent a wire well I never got it.

I got into Sydney all right and stayed at the Acadia (sic) Hotel which was a real decent place and it was the only place I could get.

We sailed from Sydney about 4pm on Wednesday 19/5/20 and landed in Melbourne about midday on Friday.

I have got a good cabin with a port hole in it which is more than a lot of people get and I have nice cabin mates in fact I have got the pick of the 3rd class cabins.  Our cabin is in the starboard side of the ship and is situated far forward nearly right under the 1st & 2nd class decks.  You know where the 2nd class gang-way is placed when in port well we are under there.  We are away from the engines and all the galleys.  

We have also a lot of foreigners on board including French, Italians, Greeks & c but we keep well away from them.

Melbourne is a long way a nicer city than Sydney.  Broader streets & better buildings although Sydney beats it with the Harbour & trains.  We landed at Port Melbourne & got an Electric tram into Melbourne - a distance of about 3 1/2 miles.  I also got all my notes changed into gold at the Federal Treasury, Melbourne. 

We were not supposed to call at Adelaide but there is a rumour going round tonight that we are making for it now as something has gone wrong with the engines as I am writing this to be ready for it.  If I get a chance I will get a JP to sign the Transfer at Adelaide & send it on from there if not I will do so from Freemantle. (sic)

The weather is terribly cold down here.  I have never been sea sick in the least altho' a good many have.  We had it pretty rough the first night.

I have not written to anyone yet but will do son later on.

This is all my news at present.

Your loving brother


 Passenger Ship, Station Pier, Port Melbourne, Victoria, 1920-1939 Museum Victoria

Have you sailed around Australia?  Which do you like better Melbourne or Sydney?  Do you think you might be related to the McKenzies?  Let me know.

Monday, October 24, 2016

Transcription letter Walter McKenzie to Colin McKenzie 17 May 1920

Hotel Arcadia 
Pitt & Castlereagh Streets
Box 1002 GPO
Tel. 11560, 6 lines

May 17th 1920

My Dear Colin,

I arrived here safely on Sunday. I got the last train from Wallangarra, the first train being all reserved and by the time I got to the booking office there was no more room on it.  The next train was a special for J C Williamson Coy alone so I got the third. There is some fine scenery coming along from Newcastle.

First thing I did when I arrived was to see about my trunk so I enquired at Cloak room & found it all right; next I went to Grand Central Hotel & found it was full up so they recommended this Hotel in Pitt St. & I got fixed up all right.  Bed & breakfast cost 7/- per night the other meals I get outside. Pretty dear but a good class.  First thing this morning I went to Orient Coy Offices & found we could not get on board the “Ormonde” until day of sailing so I next went to “The People’s Palace” to see if I could get cheaper board & found they were full up also so I came back here & booked up for another night.  

Yesterday afternoon I had a walk down Pitt St to Circular Quay & saw the “Orsova” and the “Ormonde” both fine boats.  The ferries also are great; always 2 or 3 coming or going.

Today I intend to take a sail or two on the ferries.  

You have seen Sydney so I need not say anything more about it.

Remember me to the rest at “Strathfield” *& tell them I am having a good time.

I am

Your loving brother


 Allan C Green 1878-1954 photographer. This work is out of copyright. Identifier(s): Accession no(s) H91.108/455; H91.108/452 

Notes by Alex: there was a pretty picture of the Ormonde on Sydney Harbour but it was taken circa 1930 and of course the Harbour Bridge had nearly finished construction then so it wouldn't have been very accurate hence the choice of the photo above.

JC Williamson was a theatre company as per the advertisement below from page 8 of the Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), Monday 17 May 1920, thanks to the National Library of Australia's Trove search engine.

If you have just "tuned into" the McKenzie story for the first time you might want to check out my first post here. No I am not related to the McKenzies but if you are, please contact me.

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Letters from Walter and Mary McKenzie 1915-1916

And so we continue to "unpack" the Pandora's box of Nancy May McKenzie.

I have started to transcribe some of the letters to get a picture of what was happening to the McKenzie family in the early part of the 20th century.

But first a bit of an outline of who's who in the zoo.

Nancy May McKenzie was the daughter of Colin McKENZIE and Isabel Alexandra Manclark FORREST.  I tell you, I'm not related but yes, the Isabel and the Alexandra leapt out at me. But back to the family tree.

Colin McKENZIE was the eldest son of - you guessed it - Colin McKENZIE  - and Mary Tennent ROSS.  Mary was a widow when she married Colin so she is also known as Mary MORTON (her first husband's name).  

Colin Junior had four younger brothers - Alex, James, John and Walter.  

From what I can gather, Colin Senior died in 1912 and James and Colin came out to Queensland in 1914 to make a new life.  I think John was in the Navy and Alex was about to join the Army leaving Walter, Colin's 14 year old brother at home with his mother or Mamma. Here is a transcription of the letters from Walter and occasionally his Mum to James and Colin between 1915 and 1916.

81 Inchview Terr
10 Oct 1915

Dear James
We received a letter from you and one from Colin yesterday.  We are sorry to hear that Colin was not well.  He says that he is going to sea, well, I am going to come out as soon as I can to help you.  I wrote to London to the Agent General for Queensland and have asked him about the nominated passages.  If there are any I will be sending you the money by the next mail.  If there are no nominated passage. I will just need to go 3rd class or as Alex has suggested I might work my way out, but I doubt if they would be agreeable to that as I would need to come back here again.  However I will try and be out at the beginning of next year.  The Office I am in just now is not up to much in my line.  We have nothing but writing all day long and what is more I only get a half hour for dinner of course I can get ??? which is always a help.  I make it myself so it does not cost any money more than the buying of the cocoa, Colin is right about our firm and another one being the only official Searchers.  We go to the Register House and search up old deeds and Bonds etc and so forth against the persons stated by the lawers (sic) we search for.  In my spare time I searched up our name and found the Bond as you know and also one for P. Charles and found that they have a Bond over Cobden Crescent for £500 and mamma says they got it for very little (about £750 or so) Also Mr Clelland in Darvel and he has a bond over his home and factory in fact they are not really his own.  I forgot to tell you that my boss is going to pay my fees at the University and all fees for my learning.  It is really decent of him but I will not be staying so it does not matter to me (I have not told him that I am leaving .  He also gave me a ? holiday.  I go back tomorrow.  I just went about on the byke (sic) for a day’s run.  One day I went to Roman Bridge and on to the road to Peebles where the ?? and the Forth meet.  You will know that place.  When I hear from London I will write again.  Perhaps I will be enclosing the money if I can get a nominated passage.  We have been clearing up lately.  There is now nothing in the shed hut 1 chest 2 boxes and the mangle and one or two odds which can be put in the bucket at the last minute also a few tools which I will be bring out viz: hammer, a few chisels, brace & kits, the big long borer etc.  Your loving brother Walter
PS. Received word from London and now send you £7.50 for my passage.  Will write again.  W

Advertisement featuring gardening tools sold by A. J. Hockings, Queen Street, Brisbane, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Negative number: 177569

81 Inchview Terr
20 Oct 1915
Dear James
We have not received any letter from you since I wrote last.  I hope you have received the £7-5 or perhaps you will get it at the same time as this because I see from the Post Office Guide that the mails for Australia only leave about three times a month.  The last one left on the 7th and then the next mail leaves on the 21st Oct.  I sent 5/- for expenses but the price has gone up you will perhaps be able to get the money someway and I will settle up with you when I come out.  I have painted a notice board to put up for the house to be sold and I am getting everything ready.  I suppose this will do for my outfit: - 2 pairs boots (with tackets in them): the kind we used to get in Dolphinton) as many socks as I can (all my stockings are done and I mean to wear them on the road out and then pitch them overboard) Three shirts (new ones) two pair of suits, one new and the other I have been wearing from June this year but its quite good. Two pair blankets and a bed cover and a few odds.  Then I will be bringing out some tools, hindges (sic) and small padlocks (which we have had in the shed). If you have any hints to give now is the time.  I wonder if you are alone again, perhaps by the time you get this you may be but I will be out as soon as I can and have a look at things and get to work.  Christmas will soon be here then by the end of January I will be looking for the letter from you.  We had a letter from John today and he is going to the Dardanelles again.  I hope Colin gets on and keeps well.  The sea should be good for him.  I have nothing more to say now I am your loving brother Walter P.S. Hope to see you soon.

Page 21 of the Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to The Queenslander, 24 July, 1915. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland 

(On the back of the previous letter)
21st October 1915
My dear Colin
I hope by now that you are all right again and that it was only a bad bilious attack.  Glad to know Jim keeps well.  Walter is making all preparations for coming out.  Alex is still at home..  W. Hobbs, Superintendnet of Sabbath School died on Monday last aged 69.  The coldest of your weather will be past now.  That is all the news for this week. Love to you both from your loving Mother.

81 Inchview Terr
5 Jan 1916
Dear James
I am looking forward to hear from you again.  I should get the reply of the letter I sent you (with the money in it) about the end of January. It is now the fifth so I have not a month to wait now perhaps only two weeks. I hope by the time you get this one I will be setting out for Australia or at least it won’t be long after that.
John is still at the Dardanelles but we expect to see him soon again as his three months are over (he gets a free pass home every three months.  We are getting an awful lot of rain here.
Your loving brother Walter
PS A Happy New Year to you. W Hope to see you soon
(on the back)
Dear Colin
Many thanks for the PC you sent me on Christmas. I hope by the time this reaches you you will be on board a ship.  I think it will suit you.  You will see from James letters I sent him that I am coming out soon. We have got things cleared up here.  We sent a lot of old books chemicals desks & co to “Dowells” auctioneers, a good while ago and today we received the money for them £2:6:4 that is after com cartage & c is taken off. It is not really bad.  A Happy New Year to you and the best of health Your loving brother Walter

Inchview Terrace
19 Jan 1916
Dear James
We received a letter from Colin on the 6th January and one from you on the 3rd.  I have not received a reply to the letter I sent you with the money for my nominated passage yet but expect one in a few days now.  I am getting everything ready for coming out.  We had a letter from John on the 14th and he says he was at Suvla Bay when the evacuation took place.  His ship took off the last of the men that the RAMCs so you see he is seeing a little bit of the war.  His ship was within rifle fire of the Turks.  A few stray bullets come on to the deck of his ship and wounded one man in the leg.  We are now advertising the House in the Scotsman For Sale 4 days Wed Sat Wed Sat this is the first day it has been in and when I came home at night a postcard from a man in Gillespie Crescent had come and he was asking the rive.  We will have had since putting up the notice board about ½ doz companies asking about it but none said any more about it.  However we shall see this man.  He seems to be after a house right enough.  He has taken the bother to write to us.  We are asking £430 for it and I think that is not to (sic) much for when I was clearing up I came across a note of expenses in connection with the buying of it and it was £15 of course that was recording the bond &c but it will likely take as much to sell it so that would be £30 for buying & selling House and you know what we paid for it. Then we may have to lower that price a little. We will do our best. Tell Colin that we have heard a lot of people saying that they have received a PC on Christmas viz: Grandma Miss Bain ; Reids (GW); Anderson Misselburgh; that’s all I remember just now. 
I hope he is keeping well and on a ship by now.
I will soon be out to see you again I hope.
We have had very wet windy dreary weather here. You can take some rain from here if you like or will I bring some out. Your loving brother Walter PS Excuse scribble. Bad pen WMcK More news about House next week.

Page 21 of the Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to The Queenslander, 1 April, 1916. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland 

81 Inchview Terr
23 Jan 1916
Dear Colin
We received a letter from you yesterday which was written on the 12 Dec 1915.  The letter we got before that was from you too which had been written on the 28 Nov so we think we must have lost one from James that is if you write every week. I was very pleased to hear that you have got the £7.5 and am waiting till I get the Passage Warrant from you before I can do anything special. It should come by the next mail.  I hope that it will not get lost on the way.  Thanks very much for nominating me.  It was as well for me that you were not away to sea or it might have wasted a little while longer.  Thank James for me for trying to get me nominated.  I will tell you more news of how I get on next week when I get the Warrant.  We have been advertising the House in the Scotsman for four days (I think I told you about it last week); well the man who sent us the Post Card came to see it yesterday.  He did not say much but he had a list of Houses to see so we may hear from him again.  John is still at the East ed of the Mediterranean.  We hope to see him soon.  Alex & I especially to see him before we go.  Last time he was coming home he sent us a telegram and when we received it about 10 o’clock at night we did not feel inclined to go to bed but rather go up to the Waverly station and meet him.
We are having very blowy wet weather here.  I am glad to see the notice board still up.  It has been well tested. 
The cars in Edinburgh are always breaking now.  Every day last week the “Ports” Route was either broken or stopped.  Alex has had to walk up to Easter Road barracks a good many times.  They say that they cannot get experienced Drivers.  The other routes are not much better. 
Alex is still at home. It is just as well for us. He had a Colonel inspecting the RAMCs and he said they were doing more good in Edinburgh by going to Hospital Trains & c than by going to Hawich where they would likely have nothing to do.  The other day he & and another lad were set to Rothesay with an Hospital train.  It was a fine day’s outing for him.  Your loving brother Walter
PS Your last letter had been censored. Whether it had been opened or not we don’t known but it was marked “Pased by Censor.” WMcK

Transfer of patients from ambulance to train during evacuation to England, No. 2 Canadian General Hospital, Le Tréport, France. /Éditions Arnault. Library and Archives Canada

81 Inchview Terr
Dear Colin
Last Saturday I received word from the Agent General London that I had been accepted and had to sail on Feb 16th that gave me 11 day to get everything ready.  I got a form to fill up and send to Passport Office with two small photo’s of me and a Postal Order for 5/-.  I got every ready and yesterday I sent away my luggage to London. This morning I got word that I had not to sail till the end of the month and I also got the form back from the Passport Office saying I had not filled up my description (which I thought was meant for the Applicant’s wife). However I have time now and am sending it away again.
Alex went away to Hawick this morning so we will miss him.
John is not home yet; we are expecting word from him soon.
I gave up my situation last Monday. I had been working for 7 months. We got paid monthly and it was the 7th Feb when I left. PR Bryce (my boss) gave me £3-3-0 that was real nice of him. It helped to pay for expenses. I will write again next week. How are you getting on now and how is James. Your loving brother Walter
PS Tell Jas I was up at Kirkehope’s and they have rececived the Queenslander from him. J.K. has enlisted in the Derby Scheme W McK

O.T.C tent group at Stobs 1914 From Great uncle Jim's Photograph album.Sergeant Jock Sillars, Davidson, J B Laing, B Patrick, K Kirkptrick, J Taylor, C Jefferson, I K M Bovery
Transcription of letters from Walter to Colin from Montville (Walter had come out on the Waipara as per Index to Immigration on QSA website here.)

c/- J L Hutton Esq
14 Sept 1916
My dear Colin
I received your letter last Monday night John’s enclosed which I return.
You say the five acres below yours are no good well I might get some other bit. You say they may be cutting up more land; we shall see if it is any good. I would only buy 5 ac to begin with at £4 per ac = £20. In other 5 weeks I will have that.  I could keep myself by selling the wood.  Then if I turned ill it would be no worse than if I was here. But as for keeping cows (I did not mean to keep milking cows) I am a bit doubtful because one might die and that would mean a big loss. One of Mr H’s calves died the other day because it had been fed on green grass only and it could not pass it through.  I might try ducks as they increase pretty quickly and the could feed themselves.  Duck’s usually lay every 4 months and the best time for selling them is when they are 12 to 15 weeks old.  I could try anything that could bring in something beyond chopping wood. 

It is a bit rough here.  Huttons are very nice indeed but they can watch themselves.  The porridge is lumpy and weevils in it.  Then bread is always mouldy and tea is made from tea-leaves.  After they have used them.  That’s my breakfast every morning.  At dinner the only good thing is a milk pudding.  Then I am getting up earlier every morning and stopping later at night now, just as long as it is daylight I have to work.
This last week has been more exciting.  We were ploughing with a disc plough and cut a snake in two which was six feet long.  Then on Thursday I nearly put my foot on one five feet long.  I just missed it by an inch or two.  However I soon killed it.  They were not deadly ones but they could lay you up for a day or two.  There might be worse ones about.  Mr H saw a black snake last Sunday.  It was a deadly one.

Yesterday I was going to the store on horse back when it shied and bolted.  I landed on the ground somehow.  I don’t know how but I landed and saw the horse flying on along the road when another chap caught it.  I was not hurt but I might have been.  The horse is very excitable and does not get much work which makes it all the worse.  Mr Hutton says it is real wild.
I got a letter from the chap who is working for Curran and he says they would like me back but thinks I would not get as much as I am getting here.  Anyway I don’t want back.  Mr H did not get the 42 cases sent to Sidney (sic) last wk as the dockers were on strick.(sic) They would be sold in Brisbane at 4/6 instead of 12/6 at Sydney.
The bit we were ploughing was the bit that was full of weeds.  He is going to put in trees so I will see and help him to do it.  It will always be more experience for me.  I am you loving brother Walter.

Pineapple farm at Montville John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland Collection reference: 7803 Joe Barrett photograph collection Accession number: 7803 View related images:
c/- J L Hutton Esq
Wed night
My dear Colin
I received your letter on Monday last with the Home ones enclosed.  I posted a letter to you last Friday night which would go to town I expect with the morning mail train arriving at Brisbane about 12.15 on Sat. and you should have got it on Sat. night or Monday at the latest.  I hope you got it as I had all my news in it.  I also got your last letter with home ones enclosed.
I am glad to hear that you are getting a rise in your screw.
If you like to come up here I will be very glad to see you but you must remember the cost. I think it would be worth it as you could see the country up here and we could have a talk about things.
There is a boarding House at Montville. It is a high class place. I think it would be about £2 per wk or 5/- per night & breakfast (of course I don’t know but I have heard as much)
In my last letter I was saying about planting pines in double rows well perhaps single would do as you get a lot of buttons off them with the first crop and you could plant them alongside the others.  This week I have been putting buttons in bags for Mr Hutton. 100 in each bag and I have bagged 5,000 which is a terrible lot of work.  My hands and arms were all skinned with them.
If you are buying pineapple suckers soon watch that you do not get buttons as they are very like suckers except that they take 2 years instead of 15 months to give pines.
Mr. H sends about 30 cases of pines away every wk. This wk he has 48 which is an extra lot.  He sends them south and he says they are selling at12/6 per case just now.  Some pines are sent to Brisbane (only the ones that are too ripe and the “not as good ones”) which only get 4/- to 4/6 per case.  Say 40 cases at 12/6 equals £25 and 8 at 4/ equals 32/- which would pay carriage for the lot.  Then 48 cases making at 1/- each equals £2.8. He would have about £20 gain this wk.
There are plenty of snakes up here.  Last Sunday Mr H saw two.  One was near to where I had been pulling and eating cape gooseberries which are growing wild on the 1 ½ acre of grass and weeds (the shaded part on plan I sent with last letter)
Hope to hear from you soon
I am your loving brother
Say when you would like to come up and I might find out the cost of boarding here if you like. WMcK

Cover - Hotel &​ boarding house directory of the principal cities, towns, and tourist resorts in Queensland /​ compiled and issued by the Queensland Government Intelligence &​ Tourist Bureau. 1912

c/- J L Hutton Esq
1 Oct 1916
My dear Colin
I got your letter with the two home ones on Tuesday night.
You say you are going to get some pines planted soon.  2000 of each kind; why not plant all smooths? If you sent them to Sydney or Melbourne you would get a better price for smooths than ripleys.  I asked Mr H if the knew of anyone selling suckers up here and he said that he was selling some but he had promised them to somebody else.  He would find out if anyone else was selling them.  I think they would charge pretty dear up here.  You might try E Smallman at Ormiston or JJ Nagel at Cleveland.  They are nearly always advertising them in the paper.
I have not found out the price of staying at the boarding house yet. My wee room would be too small for us both as there is only a narrow bed in it.  However we shall see if you come up.
Will you be called up on Tuesday? This is rather sudden. I don’t think you will have to go as it says if more than half of the family is serving you can be exempted. If you do have to go you would be done with Mrs Bean so I would need to get my boxes taken out. If that is the case I think Petrie would be the best place for them so I might take a run down to see about them or you could get Bryce to carry them to the station.
I have been harrowing this last week first with the spring tooth between the young trees where there are no pines and then with ordinary lever harrows.  I used two horses and could easily manage them. I was harrowing the bit we had ploughed.
I am getting up now about 5:15am and stopping a good bit after six, just as long as it is daylight.
Trees are a bit of a nuisance. They need spraying a lot. Some are covered with white lice and some get a grub  in them called the “Bourer”. It bours into the bark and east round the tree which ring barks it. Then some have a fungus on them called The Muusle. It is just like a mussle and is pink. It spreads very quickly. All the orange trees are in bloom just now; they look lovely. I am your loving brother Walter
PS I might write during the week. It depends what you say in your letter. W

So what do you think?  Interesting huh?  Searching Trove I found out that poor Mr Hutton died later that year....

Family Notices (1916, December 2). The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), p. 4. Retrieved October 22, 2016, from